Q: What is ABA?
A: Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the descriptive term for a science that seeks to promote socially appropriate behaviors and independence to ultimately improve the quality of life of an individual.
ABA includes assessment, program development, and individualized interventions designed to teach and facilitate socially significant behaviors.
Over the past 50 years, ABA has been empirically proven as an effective treatment for individuals diagnosed with autism.
Q: Where is ABA conducted?
A: ABA interventions are implemented wherever behaviors occur. ABA therapists commonly provide services in schools, homes, community-based settings (grocery stores, parking lots, airports, churches, restaurants), areas where organized sports occur, supported employment locations/job sites, and health care clinics.
Q: Is an assessment necessary prior to beginning services?
A: Yes. In order to effectively address challenging behaviors, an assessment is required to determine the function(s) of the behaviors of concern.
Q: How many hours per week of ABA therapy is necessary to help?
A: The needs of all individuals who can benefit from behavior support vary, and the amount of intervention may differ based on factors such as current functioning levels and intensity of interfering behaviors. However, particularly for young children, the research literature consistently indicates that at least 25-30 hours per week of intensive behavior analytic intervention, or more, may be necessary. In addition, the prevalent notion that any intensive intervention can achieve meaningful outcomes for children with autism has not been supported by empirical evidence; only intensive behavior analytic intervention using principles of ABA, competently delivered, has reliably resulted in large improvements in communication, intellectual functioning, and adaptive skills (Howard, Sparkman, Cohen, Green, & Stanislaw, 2005).
Q: How long are the therapy sessions?
A: Most therapy sessions are 2 to 3 hours long, but each recommended therapy interval depends on the specific needs, functioning level, and attention span of the individual.
Q: What is a BCBA?
A: BCBA stands for Board Certified Behavior Analyst. The role of the BCBA includes conducting behavioral assessments and providing behavior analytic interpretations of the results, developing an intervention program based on the results, and implementing components of the program. The BCBA is required to seek the consultation of more experienced practitioners when necessary. The BCBA trains others to carry out ethical and effective behavior analytic interventions based on published research. BCBAs supervise the work of Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analysts and others who implement ABA programs.
To become a BCBA, individuals must complete a master's degree, complete specific coursework in the area of applied behavior analysis, meet a supervised experience requirement, and pass the BACB (Behavior Analysis Certification Board) exam.
Q: Are services available on weekends?
A: Yes. Support services are available 7 days a week.
Q: Can you give me more info. on cost and payment options?
Q: What are the ages of individuals who might benefit from ABA?
A: ABA has been proven to benefit individuals of any age. We provide services to children, teenagers, and adults of all ages.
Q: How long will my child or family member need ABA?
A: Every individual case is different depending on a wide variety of factors such as the severity, intensity, and quantity of target behaviors to address, but it is our main objective to promote independence by fading interventions as efficiently as possible while training parents/caregivers to implement programming consistently with fidelity.
Q: Has ABA been used to benefit individuals with varying special needs or challenging behaviors?
A: Yes. In addition to helping individuals with autism, the behavioral principles of ABA have been used to effectively treat individuals with a variety of special needs, phobias, and/or habits that they might want to break. For example, intervention programs based on ABA have successfully assisted individuals with substance abuse problems.
Howard, J. S., Sparkman, C. R., Cohen, H. G., Green, G., & Stanislaw, H. (2005). A comparison of intensive behavior analytic and eclectic treatments for young children with autism. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 26, 359-383.